Blogs

12 June: World Day Against Child Labour 2017

  • Why World Day Against Child Labour?

    In 2002, the International Labour Organization (ILO) established the World Day Against Child Labour. The essence is to bring to worldwide attention the adverse effects of child labour with the purpose of canvassing for and mobilizing actions needed to eradicate it.

    Hence, the World Day Against Child Labour is commemorated 12 June, every year to educate the world—governments, corporate companies/organizations, employers and employees, civil societies, etc.—about the menace of child labour and highlight the plight of child labourers all with a view to finding lasting solutions to it.

    The 2017 theme is "In conflicts and disasters, protect children from child labour."

    What is child labour?

    According to the United Nations, “Child labour is work carried out to the detriment and endangerment of a child, in violation of international law and national legislation. It either deprives children of schooling or requires them to assume the dual burden of schooling and work.”

    Categories of child labour

     

    • Unconditional worst forms of child labour: Subjecting children to slavery, trafficking, debt bondage, forced recruitment of children for use in armed conflict, prostitution, and pornography, and so on.
    • Underage recruitment: recruiting children who are under the minimum age specified for that kind of work (as defined by international legislation and standards). This kind of work impedes the child’s education and full development.
    • Dangerous or hazardous work: these are the type of works that adversely affect the physical, mental or moral well-being of a child due to their nature or the conditions in which they are carried out.

    What causes child labour?

    • Poverty
    • Large family size/family condition
    • Traditional or cultural factor
    • Corruption
    • Civil war
    • Urban migration
    • Globalization

    How can child labour be eradicated?

    Government should:

    Create favourable economic policies that are capable of eradicating poverty—or reducing it to the barest minimum.

    • Put in place regulations that guide companies against recruiting children for inappropriate works.
    • Review and eradicate cultural practices that encourage child labour.
    • Create inclusive educational policies that ensure children have access to education.

    Corporate Companies should:

    • Ensure your employees meet the appropriate age requirements.
    • Stop hiring children below the required minimum age.
    • Remove children from hazardous work.
    • Reduce the hours for children under the minimum age.
    • Apply a safety and health management system.

    NGO’s should:

    • Raise awareness and educate masses about child labour and its consequences.
    • Create poverty eradication programmes for poor families.
    • Create subsidized education programmes for less privileged children.

    Parents/Individuals should:

    • Plan their family based on their financial strength.
    • Take complete responsibility for the upbringing of their children.

    Facts about child labour

    In case you don’t know how deep child labour phenomenon is, check out these facts:

    • An estimated 246 million children are engaged in child labour.
    • There are about 48 million child labourers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nearly one child in three (below the age of 15) is working
    • The Asia and Pacific region harbours the largest number of child workers in the 5 to 14 age group. 19 percent (127.3 million) of children in the region are working.
    • There are about 17.4 million child labourers in Latin America and the Caribbean.
    • 15 percent of children in the Middle East and North Africa (about 2.5 million) are working.

     Read stories about child labour

     

    • Escape from Paradise by Nii Kpani Addy
    • Hidden Girl: The True Story of a Modern-Day Child Slave by Shyma Hall
    • Iqbal by Frances D’Adamo
    • I Am a Taxi by Deborah Ellis
    • Chained by Lynne Kelley
    • Yasmin’s Hammer by Ann Malaspina
    • Malala: A Brave Girl From Pakistan by Jeanette Winter

    References

    Factsheet: Child Labour

    Child labour; the effect on child, causes and remedies to the revolving menace” by Lana Osment

No Stickers to Show

X

Recent Blogs

  • University of Twente offers postgraduate scholarships

    Posted 10 hours ago

    University Twente Scholarships (UTS) are scholarships for excellent students from both EU/EEA and non-EU/EEA countries, applying for a graduate programme (MSc) at the University of Twente. Level/Field(s) of study: Qualifying Master’s Programmes offered at the Un...

  • Masters degree scholarships offered by the Swedish Institute

    Posted Fri at 12:36 PM

    The Swedish Institute is a public agency that promotes interest and trust in Sweden around the world. We work in the fields of culture, education, science, and business to strengthen international relations and development. Fields of study: Check the list of abou...

  • The importance of consent in biomedical research

    Posted Nov 10

    Consent is such a simple word. Two syllables, easy pronunciation; but every day we struggle to find new ways to educate people on its meaning. How exhausting! Consent, as defined by law, means voluntary agreement. In Biomedical Research, the definition is no different. ...

  • Oxford Pershing Square is Offering Graduate Scholarships

    Posted Nov 8

    Every year, the Pershing Square Foundation awards up to five full scholarships to support outstanding students on the 1+1 MBA, covering both the Master’s degree and the MBA year. Target group: Open to all countries Scholarship value/inclusions/duration: A...

View All

Random Blogs

  • Simple and practical ways to develop an introductory paragraph of an essay

    Posted Jan 24

    Paragraph, if you will, is the macro building block of an essay, which makes success in composition writing comprehensively dependent on good paragraph development. Introductory paragraph, in particular, is so important because besides being the springboard upon which y...

  • How to start thinking like an entrepreneur from college

    Posted October 31, 2017

    College prepares you for the bigger picture that is the rest of your life. How you're able to approach this preparation; what you focus on and how much you're able to develop yourself at this stage will determine to a great extent your level of success in later life. L...

  • Gender disparity begins at home

    Posted Jun 23

    UNICEF data shows that girls, mostly between the ages of 5-14 spend about 550 million hours of their lives on household chores, which is said to be 160 more hours than boys of the same age group. The sad thing about all this is that in almost all societies, this is cons...

  • Geographic Information System (GIS)

    Posted November 26, 2016

    A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth’s surface. GIS can show many different kinds of data on one map. This enables people to easily see, analyze, and understa...

View All

(200 symbols max)

(256 symbols max)