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Causes of frequent urination

  • Urination also called micturition is the release of urine (a liquid by-product of metabolism in the bodies of many animals and humans) from the bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body. There is frequent urination (i.e., the need to urinate more than one does typically) due to contractions of the muscles of the walls of the bladder as a result of excessive production of urine by the kidney.

    NOTE: The kidney makes urine by filtering wastes and extra water from the blood. The waste is called urea, the blood carries it to the kidneys, and from the kidneys, urine travels down two thin tubes called ureter to the bladder. The bladder stores urine until one is ready to urinate.

    Below are the prevalent causes of frequent urination:

    1. Diet

    There is frequent urination when liquid or semi-solid food is being consumed in excess. This excess consumption results in a quick breakdown of high sugar intake, which in the form of glucose is converted to glycogen for storage in the body while excess finds an excretory path to exit the body in which urination forms a major route. If you want to know more about diet, check out these dieting tips for beginners.

    2. Pregnancy

    In pregnancy there is mostly frequent urination, starting from the early weeks of pregnancy because the growing uterus places pressure on the bladder. Talking of pregnancy, why not check out the benefit of yoga for a pregnant woman.

    3. Diabetes

    Frequent urination with an abnormally large amount of urine is often an early symptom of both type I and type II diabetes as the body tries to get rid itself of unused glucose through the urine. Read this article to know more about diabetes and how to take precautionary measures.

    4. Medication

    Medication like diuretics that are used for d treatment of blood pressure or fluid build-up, works on the kidney and flushes out excess fluid from the body which causes frequent urination.

    5. Urinary tract infection

    This happens when microbes such as bacteria enter the bladder through the urethra, overcoming the body's defences in the urinary tract. This can affect the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that run between them.

    Treatment of frequent urination

    Frequent urination can be treated with exercise, bladder training, by monitoring fluid intake, especially at night. But if there is an underlying cause of diabetes, urinary tract infection and others, then other care would be required.

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